Nature-positive urban-development: governance and policies of transition

N. Question Answers Timestamped Validation
2 Why Nature-based Solutions for infrastructure still have limited consideration by regulatory models? The lack of easily available and trusted data for decision-makers impedes the inclusion of NbS for infrastructure in urban decision- making. In fact, these decisions are distorted by the insufficient accounting of environmental externalities in today’s economic indicators and regulatory models. Similarly, a lack of easily available and trusted data for decision-makers impedes the inclusion of NbS for infrastructure in urban decision- making.For instance, negative externalities associated with infrastructure remain largely undervalued and underpriced by developers. [[1]]
4 What is the estimate of the global value of environmental externalities?    it is estimated that the global value of environmental externalities is $4.7 trillion across water use, GHG emissions, waste, air pollution, land and water pollution, biodiversity loss, and land-use change.[[2]]
5 What does spatial integration of the natural layer in city master planning and projects allow ? Moving away from an unbalanced relationship between cities’ natural ecosystems, built infrastructure, and society to a deep integration of natural ecosystems within the built environment and a nature-positive economy.[[3]]
6 What is the term "Urban governance" referred to? Urban governance refers to the mechanisms and processes by which state agencies (at municipality, city, regional and national levels) and civil society decide how to plan, finance and manage urban living.[[4]]
Adopting a systems approach for a nature-based urban transformation.[[5]]
7 What is the difference between legacy urban governance models and flexible coordinated urban governance? Legacy urban governance models prioritize economic cost efficiency and ad-hoc urban development; flexible and coordinated urban governance is grounded in a systems approach that prioritizes nature-based solutions and land-sparing interventions.[[6]]
8 What is the challenge in poorer countries to guarantee adequate services? Few city governments in low- and middle-income countries have the power, resources or trained staff to provide their burgeoning populations with the adequate utilities, services and facilities needed for integrated urban living.[[7]]
9 What is rarely considered in cities development? Negative externalities associated with infrastructure (i.e. carbon emissions, disruptions in ecosystem services and water pollution) remain largely undervalued and underpriced by developers.[[8]]
10 What is a much needed field for policy innovation? Natural capital accounting, assessment and reporting is another prominent field of policy innovation.[[9]]
11 Which are the initiatives that intend to facilitate Urban governance transition? UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounting’s Ecosystem Accounts, adopted by the UN Statistical Commission.[[10]]
Valuation of Ecosystem Services (NCAVES)
12 What is required to to embed nature-related considerations into economic and financial decision-making? Investment policies, criteria for compliance with environmental, social and governance quality goals, and new measures of economic success.[[11]]
13 What can help the shift to maximizing welfare for people, planet and profit? Investment policies innovation.[[12]]
14 What does valuing biodiversity outcomes enable? Shifting from Information asymmetries and a lack of clear revenue streams to a developed project pipeline with revenue streams that reflect the true value of nature.[[13]]
15 What does a system approach to urban development include? A systems approach to urban development integrates the needs of all stakeholders and accounts for natural ecosystems by incorporating science-based methods to maximize each stakeholder’s welfare.[[14]]