|1||What studies can support conflicts between states over access to a water resource?||Conflicts between states over access to a water resource can be addressed by employing operations research (OR), systems analysis (SA), artificial intelligence (AI) and computer applications from an integrated analysis of an international basin model, an internal basin model, an agro-process water allocation model and irrigation reservoir operation model.|
|2||What kinds of conflicts arise on different geographic scales regarding water allocation?||Conflicts may arise on all geographic scales from local, national, international to global levels regarding water allocations as they are intertwined with each other impacting one level at another level.|
|3||How is Ethiopia dealing with conflicts over internationally shared basins for its growing demands for resources?||Ethiopia is increasingly investing in its irrigation sector looking more towards its international basins in order to exploit the agricultural production potential of the country for food self-sufficiency at the national level .
Ethiopia is also generating foreign currency from export earnings and satisfy raw material demands from local industries through efforts such as Bi-Level Neuro-Fuzzy System Soft Computing Methodology with two neural network correction operations focused on feed-forward conservation goal and backpropagation flood control goal which was trained using data collected from Gidabo Irrigation Dam facility alongside initiatives like Agro Processing Water Allocation Model based on Two-Stage Production Dynamic Inventory Control Optimization allowing shifts towards irrigations technologies while balancing economic constraints related goals alongside environment concerns aiding import substitution processes with the objectives of achieving acceptable levels of production capacity limits subject to waste conversion capacities limits among others.
|4||What factors have led to increased water allocation conflicts in recent decades?||Rising population demand, urbanization, industrialization and climate change impacts have led to increased water allocation conflicts in recent decades.|
|5||What methods are used in interdisciplinary approaches to optimise water allocations under conflicting demands?||Interdisciplinary approaches to optimise water allocations under conflicting demands use operations research, systems analysis, artificial intelligence and computer applications.|
|6||What are some principles used for water allocation when there are conflicts between demand and supply?||When there are conflicts between demand and supply for water, principled allocation aids in the analysis of a specific water allocation problem from the perspectives of social equality, economic efficiency, and long-term development. |
|7||What is the purpose of Ethiopia's irrigation sector investments?||The purpose of Ethiopia's irrigation sector investments is to exploit the agricultural production potential of the country; achieve food self-sufficiency at a national level; generate foreign currency from export earnings; and satisfy the raw material demand of local industries.|
|8||How does BL-NFS Soft Computing Methodology help with planning for irrigation agriculture and reservoir operation?||The Bi-Level Neuro-Fuzzy System (BL-NFS) Soft Computing Methodology aids planning for irrigation agriculture and reservoir operation with a feed forward water conservation goal and a back propagation flood control goal as well as third neural network correction operation. It remembers previous states of a given reservoir & computes output levels such as diversion, release & spillover using certain weights & bias terms & input levels like inflow storage level & irrigation demand.|
|9||How can principled allocations aid analysis on specific issues related to Water Allocation Conflicts ?||Principled allocations aid analysis on specific issues related to Water Allocation Conflicts through perspectives such as social equality, economic efficiency, long-term development etc. |
|10||Which methodology can be employed while solving problems due ot scarcity of resources regarding balancing production consumption along with water availability constraints ?||Bi - Level Fuzzy Goal Programming(BL – FGP )|